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The materials and manufacturing process used in the construction of Mongolian yurts in Inner Mongolia

The category:TROUBLESHOOTING  Release time:2019-12-26
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The yurt is a dome-shaped house with a round spire created by nomads on the grassland. It is composed of wooden fence, pillar, door, roof ring, lining felt, sheath felt, leather rope and bristle rope. In short, the material mainly includes three parts: frame wood, thatch felt (cover) and rope.
    The frame structure is the frame structure of the yurt. It is made up of Ni (yurt skylight skeleton), Wumin (rice connecting skylight and wooden fence), Hana (mesh wooden fence), door plants, etc. One half is a cylinder, and the upper half is a cone.

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    The nipple is the main part of the frame wood. The nipples of modern yurts are divided into two types: connecting type and inserting r type. Wood materials require high quality, usually made of sandalwood or elm.
    The length of the sleeve should be measured by the horizontal wood in the middle (east-west direction). The after sub-sleeve is divided into two circles, the outer ring is drawn with half of the horizontal wood as the radius, and the center of the sleeve is drawn as the center of the circle. The inner circle is drawn with its quarter concentric circles. From east to west, the length of the cross timber from north to south is the same, fixed with nails in the middle (at the center of the circle), and there are four small wooden planks to repair the inner ring.
    The sleeve is not flat, the upper part should be curved, and the lower part should be flat and round. The crossbar connecting the yurt is divided. It has three circles. There are many small wooden sticks called fingers on the outer ring, which are used to connect the Wu people. When constructing the skeleton of the yurt, the yurt and the Wu nationality were connected. together.
    Wumin (translated as rafter) is the shoulder of the yurt, the top is connected to the nun, and the bottom is connected to Hana. The length and size are uniform, and the wood requirements are uniform. Generally, willow or pine wood that is not bent or bent is suitable, the length of which is determined by the nipple, which is usually 1.5 times that of horizontal wood. Because after the increase in arbitrage, Uzbekistan will also extend the arbitrage time accordingly.
    Umin is a slender oval or round wooden stick. The upper end must be inserted into the connecting sleeve, and the lower end has a rope buckle to fix the Hana head together. Its thickness is determined by Hana. Usually, it is stuck in the Y-shaped fork on the head of Hana, and the upper end is just flat.
    Hana takes over the role of Lani and Umin. It is a netted wooden fence. It determines the size of the felt bag, four, five or six. Hannah is very flexible and its height can be adjusted relatively. There are usually ten leather spikes, eleven and so on (referring to flowers). The more leather nails, the higher the standing time of the nectar and the less likely it is to spend. The fewer leather spikes, the shorter the pollen's standing time. , The more likely it is to grow.
    Hana's support is very strong. Hana’s head has crossed Y-shaped support points, and Hana’s crossed Y-shaped branches. The upper part that receives the Umin is called the head, the lower part that touches the ground is called the leg, and the part tied to the girl in Hana is called the mouth. After Hana's head evenly bears Uni's gravity, it will spread and spread evenly in each grid, and spread to Hana's legs and the earth.
    Doors and pillars cannot be underestimated. After Hana stood up and unfolded, he adjusted the grid size. The height of Hana is the height of the door frame, and the door is set by the door frame. If you build a yurt with more than eight hanas, you need a pole (pillar). The yurt is too large and its weight increases. Windy days can cause certain parts of the yurt to bend inwards, especially when connected to the yurt. Therefore, four pillars are needed to strengthen the eighty Hana yurts.
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    Secondly, thatch felt is essential in the construction of the yurt. Usually, thatch felt is composed of top felt, roof, outer cover, felt door, felt door head, felt wall root and felt net.
    Top felt, also known as felt bag hats, top decorations, etc., have always been considered important. When removing the felt bag, the first thing to remove is the top felt, which should be placed away from people's feet to prevent stepping and jumping. It conceals a high-level position, and fireworks emerge from it, so it is very valuable. When moving, put it with the Buddha statue and walk in front of the car. It has the function of adjusting new and old air, cold and heat in the bag and light intensity.
    The top felt is square, and the four corners must be decorated with belts. The size of the top felt depends on the length of the diagonal of the square.